The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko

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The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko used to be a famend beekeeper, and he cherished bees greater than he cherished energy. Born in a small Ukrainian village with the unpromising title of Horuzhivka, in jap Sumy, a area at the Russian border, he gained his secondary training. His lecturers remembered him as a diligent pupil, however with out management ambitions. The Woman in Kherson. After graduating from the USSR Ternopil Monetary and Economics Institute, he served within the Soviet Military and after his discharge labored on rank-and-file positions within the kholkoz collective farm device. Yushchenko then labored in quite a lot of divisions of Ukrainian banks in Sumy and Kyiv and changed into a workforce member of the then Governor of the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine (the central financial institution), Vadym Hetman. The latter promoted Yushchenko to director, first at Agroprombank of the USSR, later at Ukraine Financial institution. In 1993, on Hetman’s advice, Yushchenko changed into the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine’s 3rd Governor since 1991.

On this place, Yushchenko controlled to push thru a number of necessary reforms. He used to be liable for financial reform and the advent of the brand new nationwide forex – the hryvnia. He additionally created the State Treasury and State Mint. Being below the shut guardianship of Vadim Hetman, he infrequently made his personal choices, however he took duty for the forex reform and promised the folks that they wouldn’t be afflicted by the reform. The a hit implementation of the financial reform and the advent and strengthening of the nationwide forex put Yushchenko the most effective bankers on this planet, and the Ecu Financial institution for Reconstruction and Building nominated him as the most efficient banker of the yr. Yushchenko’s recognition skyrocketed. It used to be on this context that he determined to take part in President Kuchma’s re-election marketing campaign (for a 2nd time period) and used to be sooner or later proposed via Kuchma for the put up of Top Minister of the rustic. The put up of Deputy Top Minister in Yushchenko’s executive used to be taken via Yulia Tymoshenko.

Tymoshenko used to be accountable for gasoline and effort. On this place she pursued a coverage that displeased the President’s inside circle.29 The Donetsk politicians Mykola Azarov and Viktor Yanukovych, and Dnipropetrovsk oligarchs Medvedchuk and Surkis & Co didn’t like Tymoshenko both. It used to be she who insisted on the actual privatization of 3 regional power distribution firms.30 She additionally publicly accused Naftogaz Ukrainy of stealing Russian gasoline and concealing its actual money owed to Russia, which resulted in the resignation of the control of the corporate. Tymoshenko then insisted that Gasoline and Power Minister Serhiy Tulub (a consultant of the Donetsk extended family) be fired. Because of disagreements along with her, Economic system Minister Serhiy Tihipko, who used to be as regards to the President’s circle of relatives extended family in Dnipro, used to be compelled to surrender as neatly. Tihipko used to be the inventor of a momentary mortgage scheme below which the federal government borrowed cash from personal banks at excessive rates of interest (as much as 70 % in keeping with annum) to pay salaries to state workers and pensions to pensioners. Tihipko used to be the pinnacle of Privatbank and lobbied for its pursuits ahead of taking on a central authority put up. The ruinous (for the state) however winning (for banks) apply of momentary loans used to be stopped via Yushchenko, who balanced the state finances.

As well as, Yushchenko and Tymoshenko compelled large companies to make their empires clear, pay taxes to the state, and surrender hidden barter offers that disadvantaged the Treasury of earnings. Yushchenko and Tymoshenko additionally ensured that the Tax Provider, headed via Mykola Azarov, now not reported to Kuchma however used to be subordinated to the Top Minister, Yushchenko. In June 2000, they offered a legislation modernizing operations within the Ukrainian power sector, which helped building up state revenues sixfold. This daring step via Yushchenko’s executive allowed the state to pay off its money owed to pensioners, scholars and state workers. On the identical time, the Native land faction within the Rada, managed via Yulia Tymoshenko, took an anti-Kuchma stance at the Gongadze case, blaming the President for the journalist’s demise.

Given their losses, the Donetsk and Kyiv oligarchs as regards to the President, whose pursuits have been below assault from Tymoshenko, simply satisfied Kuchma to do away with her. The primary transfer got here from the Legal professional Common Potebenko, who opened a legal case in opposition to her. It compromised her each as a state reliable and as an entrepreneur. Tymoshenko’s husband Oleksandr and her adolescence pal Valeriy Falkovich, who used to be a board member of United Power Programs of Ukraine (UESU), an organization managed via Tymoshenko, have been arrested in August 2000. On January 5, 2001, the Legal professional Common adopted this up with two legal circumstances in opposition to Tymoshenko herself, and on January 19, on the advice of Potebenko, Kuchma got rid of her from the federal government.

Tymoshenko used to be accused of illegally taking flight from Ukraine greater than $1.1 billion thru her corporate. On February 13, she used to be arrested in reference to the fees, in addition to the accusation of moving about $80 million to the Swiss accounts of former Top Minister Pavlo Lazarenko. The switch used to be performed when Lazarenko used to be the Top Minister. Tymoshenko used to be additionally accused of bribery and of involvement in a Russian monetary scandal on the Ministry of Protection.31


After serving for over a month and a part in Kyiv’s Lukyanivska jail, Tymoshenko used to be launched on her personal recognizance and transferred from the detention middle to a health center. In March 2001, from the health center, she demanded President Kuchma’s resignation and declared that she would combat for the Presidency. Seeing Tymoshenko re-emerge, Kuchma once more attempted to place her in the back of bars. The Legal professional Common appealed in opposition to Tymoshenko’s switch to a health center, and a Kyiv courtroom dominated that Tymoshenko must be returned to jail. Yushchenko, who had supposed to satisfy his former deputy in health center, referred to as the verdict a “show of muscle” and advised the President to ascertain a discussion with the opposition as a substitute. Tymoshenko’s legal professionals controlled to attraction the Kyiv courtroom’s resolution to the Perfect Courtroom of Ukraine, which overturned the decrease courtroom’s resolution. Upon her free up, Tymoshenko reiterated her aim to run for President: “If I knew of an actual chief in Ukraine who is able to give his existence for the rustic… then I’m in a position to do my laundry at his marketing campaign headquarters. However I don’t see this staff but. I wish to shape it myself.”


After the e-newsletter in November 2000 of audio recordings of President Kuchma’s conceivable involvement within the disappearance and demise of journalist Georgiy Gongadze and the start of mass protests referred to as “Ukraine with out Kuchma,” Kuchma’s rule changed into so unpopular that the motion took on a pan-Ukrainian scale. The organizers of the protests have been the chief of the scholar unrest of the Eighties and Nineties, Volodymyr Chemerys, and the socialist Yuriy Lutsenko. The protesters demanded the resignation of the President and his inside circle – the Inner Minister, the Head of the SBU and the Legal professional Common, in addition to an impartial exam of the Gongadze case. Underneath public force, Kuchma sooner or later needed to disregard his pals.

On the identical time, every other high-profile homicide of a Ukrainian journalist took place in Donbas: Ihor Aleksandrov, director of the TOR tv corporate in Sloviansk, who used to be brutally crushed to demise with baseball bats at the premises of his personal tv corporate. From 2000-2001, Aleksandrov hosted a tv program referred to as Unvarnished that exposed the hyperlinks between Donbas arranged crime and the police and prosecutors within the area. His follow-up program used to be deliberate to turn a videotape during which contributors of the Kramatorsk arranged crime crew “seventeenth Precinct” mentioned how a lot that they had paid or must pay their consumers in police and prosecutor’s places of work. The printed used to be by no means aired because of his assassination in July 2001.32


After all, world force on Kuchma intensified. The President’s movements have been sharply criticized. Western nations now publicly declared their give a boost to for Yushchenko as an alternative choice to Kuchma. To crown all of it, on October 4, 2001, all through air protection workouts within the Crimea, a TU-154M passenger aircraft of the Russian “Siberia” airways flying from Tel-Aviv to Novosibirsk with 144 Russian and Israeli passengers and 12 crewmen on board used to be shot down via a Ukrainian missile over the Black Sea. To start with Ukraine categorically denied its involvement within the crash, however world mavens proved the duty of the Ukrainian Protection Ministry. Consequently, Ukraine used to be compelled to confess its connection to the tragedy and a trilateral settlement used to be reached between Russia, Israel and Ukraine to pay monetary reimbursement to the households of the lifeless.

On the peak of the 2001 political disaster, during which many executive ranges, together with the Presidential management and just about all the cupboard, have been embroiled, Kuchma searched frantically for tactics to continue to exist. US philanthropist and billionaire George Soros steered that the Ukrainian President must step down and appoint Viktor Yushchenko, who used to be supported via the West, as his successor. However the one conclusion Kuchma drew from Soros’ advice used to be that, to be able to retain energy, he needed to double down on getting rid of all his opponents, above all Yushchenko.

The compelled departure of Yulia Tymoshenko intended that the Yushchenko executive didn’t have a lot time left. The disagreement between the Kuchma entourage and the Top Minister moved to the Ukrainian parliament. Viktor Medvedchuk, Deputy Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada and Putin’s pal, insisted {that a} coalition executive be shaped via April 5, 2001, all through a central authority Q&A. Yushchenko referred to as this danger via Medvedchuk “an effective way of destabilizing the placement within the nation” and referred to as for a gathering with the President and the Deputy Speaker of parliament to talk about the ultimatum dropped at him. Kuchma made it transparent that he supported Medvedchuk and used to be in desire of a coalition executive. In flip, Yushchenko determined to combat his nook in parliament.

Talking in Parliament on April 26, all through a vote of no self belief in his executive, the Top Minister stated that Parliament used to be following the lead of the oligarchic clans and appearing as their mouthpiece. He steered that any political movements be quickly suspended to be able to step by step give up energy within the nation to the folks, however stressed out that “I can now not give up politics” even supposing “democracy in Ukraine has suffered a major setback”. Yushchenko then famously stated: “I can go away to come back again!” The following day, April 27, Kuchma resigned, educating the federal government to accomplish its tasks till a brand new executive used to be shaped. Yushchenko refused to stick on, telling the President that the location of “appearing President used to be now not for him.”


Many Ukrainian and international analysts agreed that Yushchenko’s executive made the primary strive in a decade of independence to reform the rustic’s political and financial device.33 Previous to this, Ukraine’s elite had led to the stagnation of now not simplest financial but in addition democratic traits. Any reformist executive changed into a danger to the wealth of those folks.

Towards the grey mass of the faceless politicians, Yushchenko and Tymoshenko changed into probably the most charismatic and colourful politicians in Ukraine. Because of this Ukrainians believed in them. Yushchenko didn’t give the impact of being anything else instead of a mild-mannered guy. Tymoshenko, alternatively, appeared made up our minds and brave. She used to be referred to as “the one guy in Ukrainian politics”, paraphrasing Ukrainian creator Ivan Franko’s (1856-1916) phrases about Lesya Ukrainka (1871-1913), “the one guy in Ukrainian literature”.

The Ukrainian folks, bored with political squabbles and clashes between the President, the federal government and parliament, all the time imagined that once a transformation of this or that President, executive and even Rada, the rustic would revel in long-hoped-for prosperity. However each and every time the trade simply led to a redistribution of energy, assets and cash between the brand new names and the emergence of recent political alliances between the well known avid gamers. Whilst the Rada voted to disregard Yushchenko’s executive, a crowd of seven,000 supporters of the Top Minister collected out of doors the parliament, shouting that his executive used to be a reformist person who fought for the rustic and its folks. Yulia Tymoshenko stated that she would give a boost to Yushchenko’s candidacy on the subsequent Presidential Elections in 2004 and created an initiative of fifty events and organizations to be able to drive a referendum (which failed).

This referendum used to be to invite only one query: “Do you suppose that Leonid Kuchma must surrender, additional to articles 108 and 109 of the Charter of Ukraine, for destroying the rights and freedoms of the Ukrainian folks opposite to the rule of thumb of legislation”. Naturally, the federal government didn’t permit the referendum to happen. Then in July 2001, the undaunted Tymoshenko created the cross-party political alliance “Nationwide Salvation Discussion board” (NSF).34


In an try to thwart Tymoshenko’s political job, in past due January 2002 the Legal professional Common’s Workplace issued a brand new warrant for her arrest and put her below area arrest. On January 29, 2002, whilst riding her Mercedes to a listening to on the Courtroom of Appeals, Tymoshenko had a automobile twist of fate and used to be hospitalized.



Parliamentary Elections of 2002



The March 31, 2002, parliamentary elections have been speedy drawing near. Each Yushchenko and Tymoshenko, now ousted from energy, started making ready via rallying a lot of supporters who truly concept that the Yushchenko-Tymoshenko tandem would transform issues for the easier. The rustic used to be readying itself for an election that will transform the political panorama and existence in Ukraine.

The pre-election months have been marked via a regrouping of political forces and blocs, a few of which attempted feverishly to retain energy whilst others attempted to grab it. In line with the brand new legislation, Ukraine created an election device during which 50 % of deputies have been elected from occasion lists and 50 % from first-past-the-post constituencies. To go into parliament, a occasion or political bloc needed to cross the 4 % threshold. Whilst Tymoshenko created an opposition bloc below her personal title, former Top Minister Yushchenko introduced his aim to create an opposition bloc of political events referred to as “Our Ukraine”.35


On the Verkhovna Rada elections of March 2002 no fewer than 62 political events (united in no fewer than 30 electoral blocks) took section. Our Ukraine headed via Yushchenko used to be the winner with 23.55 % of the votes.36 He gained give a boost to in central and western Ukraine; the Communists – in southeastern Ukraine and Crimea;37 Tymoshenko’s bloc used to be supported basically in Kyiv and Dnipropetrovsk.38 The newly elected deputies and events now shaped new factions. Twelve deputies, on the other hand, remained impartial, which grew to become out to be tremendous within the finely balanced Rada. They might vote with out a occasion whip for this or that invoice (proposed via other factions) and earn good-looking charges.

As is all the time the case in politics, some win and others lose. In 2002, it simply took a very long time for the mud to settle: the combat for a parliamentary majority, and as a result for the location of Top Minister, lasted from Would possibly to December. The professional-Presidential forces took benefit of the heterogeneity of the opposition, which used to be not able to increase transparent rules of cooperation, to attract the Socialists and Communists to their aspect and shape a parliamentary majority. Having won a majority in parliament, supporters of President Kuchma cleared how you can executive energy, larger financial and political affect within the nation, revival of the previous corrupt privatization schemes, used the chance to nominate folks they favored to senior executive positions and fired those that stood of their method.



The Presidential Elections of 2004



Yushchenko misplaced, however for the primary time within the years of Ukraine’s independence, a coalition executive have been shaped. Regrettably it grew to become out to be one headed via Viktor Yanukovych, who used to be within the pocket of oligarch Rinat Akhmetov and his Donetsk extended family. The opposition may simplest proceed its combat for additional democratization and determine a brand new approach to combat for energy within the drawing close Presidential Elections. They started making ready lengthy ahead of the formally announcement. The vast majority of Ukrainian electorate was hoping that those elections could be a watershed within the nation’s historical past. The ruling elite discovered that they might now not win honest and democratic elections. But, that they had no aim of giving up their profitable place.

Thus, the Constitutional Courtroom, which used to be managed via President Kuchma and his supporters, determined that below to the brand new Charter of 1996, President Kuchma had truly simplest been in energy for one time period, as he have been elected for the primary time period ahead of the brand new Charter of Ukraine have been followed. This intended, the courtroom dominated, that Kuchma may run for a “2nd” time period if he sought after to although he had “technically” already served two complete phrases. The federal government-controlled Ukraine’s mass media started to provide an explanation for to audience and listeners the “correctness” of the Constitutional Courtroom’s conclusions, and Kuchma himself used to be sparsely tracking public opinion. Now not understanding but whether or not he must run for the Presidency or now not, he first of all supported Yushchenko’s candidacy within the media.

On the identical time Kuchma understood that in the event that they got here to energy Yushchenko, and much more so Tymoshenko, would come after him, and that he would perhaps be prosecuted for corruption, or worse, for killing Gongadze. However there used to be yet one more possibility left for him: to give a boost to the Donetsk extended family who presented their protégé for the Presidency – Viktor Yanukovych. For all of the disadvantages of handing energy to the Donetsk oligarchs, had one nice plus aspect: he would surely now not wish to get started a corruption witchhunt and notice Kuchma in the back of bars.

Every other candidate, Viktor Medvedchuk (of the Kyiv oligarchs “Surkis and Co”), then Kuchma’s Leader of Workforce, additionally promised Kuchma that if he received, he would now not prosecute him, and warranted (like Putin to Yeltsin) an untroubled life when now not in energy. Each applicants didn’t have deep well-liked give a boost to, however they did have robust oligarchs in the back of them, in a position to combat for his or her survival to the sour finish. In the meantime, the opposition went at the offensive, denouncing to the folks the constitutional “sleight of hand” performed via the Perfect Courtroom. In spite of everything, Kuchma declined to run within the Presidential race, wager on Yanukovych, the incumbent Top Minister, and misplaced the entirety.

Whilst looking ahead to the placement with the incumbent President to change into clearer, an entire military of applicants (26) rushed into the election race, each and every one seeking to persuade electorate that it used to be they who may trade the lives of bizarre folks for the easier. Ukraine had by no means noticed such a variety of applicants wishing to alleviate the struggling of its folks. The preferred ploy of the applicants used to be to hide their warring parties in muck, and the Presidential Elections marketing campaign of 2004 grew to become out to be the dirtiest ever.

No person paid consideration to the methods of the applicants as a result of there used to be now not a lot distinction. A number of the common monotony nonetheless two stood out: Viktor Yanukovych and Viktor Yushchenko. Totally other and dissimilar, those two applicants very quickly emerged as the principle ones within the race. Top Minister Yanukovych used to be publicly supported via Putin, for whom Yanukovych, after the frustation of the 1999 Marchuk plot, used to be the brand new automobile to take the reigns in Ukraine. As Russian President, Putin have been consolidating his energy for 4 years via placing former intelligence officials in key executive and industry positions. He used to be prepared, in any case, to start out doing the similar in Ukraine, courtesy of Yanukovych’s election. The previous Donetsk governor used to be additionally the most well liked candidate of the Ukrainian oligarchy, particularly after all the only in Donetsk. Now not least, Yanukovych may additionally rely at the give a boost to of his personal ministers.

Strangely for a Top Minister, Yanukovych had a major legal document involving each robbery and using drive. Born close to town of Yenakyivo into the circle of relatives of a locomotive engineer, Fedor Yanukovych, and a nurse, Olga Leonova, Viktor Yanukovych used to be motherless at an early age and used to be raised via his grandmother, Kastusya Yanukovych. After graduating with excellent grades from highschool, he labored on the native metallurgical plant whilst he additionally studied at its mining school, and later graduated from the Donetsk Polytechnic Institute. On the age of 17, he used to be first sentenced to 3 years in prison for collaborating in a theft, and once he were given out used to be sentenced to serve two extra years in every other jail for causing grievous physically hurt. Those physical-violence fees have been later dropped “for loss of corpus delicti,” as Yanukovych and his supporters identified again and again.

For greater than 20 years, Yanukovych labored as a supervisor of a variety of Donetsk enterprises, which allowed him to damage thru to politics in spite of everything and from 1996 to 2001 he used to be the Governor of the Donetsk Area. He gained a point from the School of World Legislation of the Ukrainian Academy of Overseas Industry and, whilst a governor, defended his doctoral dissertation at the control of infrastructure construction. Following his dissertation, Yanukovych now not simplest gained his doctorate but in addition the name of “Professor”. But if he wrote down this name within the electoral questionnaire, he spelled it with two letters “ff” and one “s” – “proffesor”, which used to be how he used to be recognized in Ukraine ever since – “Proffesor Yanukovych”.

“Large Ya” (every other nickname for Yanukovych, within the slender circle of his supporters) effectively coped along with his job – up to some degree. The federal government attempted to create a favorable symbol for his or her candidate thru all conceivable approach at their disposal – some now not fully felony – deploying administrative sources, demagogy, and compromising proof in opposition to political warring parties. At the eve of the election, the Top Minister additionally made populist choices, akin to expanding wages and pensions, which depleted the finances and nearly imploded all the economic system.

The opposition targeted its forces round Viktor Yushchenko, who on the time had the best recognition score within the nation. Tymoshenko sought after to change into President, however discovered that her hour had now not but come. She joined his “Our Ukraine” occasion, ultimate within the shadows of her former boss. The Ecu Union additionally made no secret of its sympathy for the opposition candidate, hoping that he would step by step loose Ukraine, the middle of Europe, from Russian affect. Yushchenko himself stated he didn’t truly wish to change into President however would put up to the need of the electorate.

The entire polls confirmed that Yushchenko and Yanukovych led the election race and the reliable election effects introduced on October 31, 2004, confirmed a tie: Yushchenko gained 39.87 % of the vote; Yanukovych, 39.32 %.39 Voter turnout used to be a document excessive 75 %. Observers famous that there have been a lot of violations all through the election marketing campaign. No person may say how a lot those irregularities would possibly have influenced the election effects. However since not one of the applicants won greater than the 50 % required to win within the first spherical, a 2nd spherical used to be scheduled for November 21.

Geographically, voter sympathies have been obviously cut up. The central and western areas of Ukraine voted for Yushchenko except for the Transcarpathian area, the place Ruthenians and Hungarians are living. The inhabitants of those areas spoke most commonly Ukrainian and belonged to the Greek Catholic Church and the Kyiv Orthodox Church. The southeastern areas and the Republic of Crimea, the place citizens most well-liked to talk Russian and have been contributors of the Moscow Orthodox Church, voted most commonly for Yanukovych.

The election marketing campaign for the second one spherical of vote casting proved to be unparalleled. All of the propaganda and administrative system of the ruling occasion, which Yanukovych represented, labored at complete capability. The state-controlled TV channels and media have been additionally operating for his candidate. Each town in Ukraine used to be plastered with Yanukovych’s portrait. In his election program, he promised to make Russian the second one state language.

Vladimir Putin himself got here to Kyiv two times to give a boost to the pro-Russian candidate. The entire CIS leaders (aside from for Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, who supported Yushchenko) additionally took section in Putin’s propaganda marketing campaign to get Yanukovych elected, assuring the Ukrainian folks in their everlasting friendship and the significance of protecting the industrial ties and cooperation inbuilt Soviet instances. The leitmotif of those statements used to be that, if Yanukovych got here to energy, Ukraine would take its rightful position within the CIS, changing into as soon as once more a motive force within the financial and customs union of former Soviet states, and that its economic system may simplest continue to exist and thrive in shut cooperation with Russia and the others.

Of specific “fear” to Ukraine’s neighbors, essentially Putin’s Russia, used to be the “oppressed” place of the Russian-speaking inhabitants and the placement with the infringement of the Russian language in Ukraine. Professional-Russian and Russian analysts warned Ukrainians that if Yushchenko got here to energy, Ukraine would sign up for NATO and change into financially dependent at the World Financial Fund and the USA

On the identical time, on Kuchma’s orders, the clicking used to be informed that Yushchenko’s spouse Kateryna Chumachenko used to be an worker of the Central Intelligence Company and have been despatched to Ukraine via the USA as a sleeper agent. Within the press it used to be claimed that she used to be “hooked up” on objective to Yushchenko, then Governor of the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine, and that that their first assembly at the aircraft, the place their seats have been subsequent to one another, and their next marriage have been additionally arranged via the CIA. There had by no means been a extra dramatic and crooked Presidential Elections within the historical past of Ukraine.



The poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko



Because the unauthorized recordings in President Kuchma’s administrative center in 2000 have been made at the orders of Common Marchuk (additional to the directions gained from the Russian secret carrier in Moscow) to be able to drive Kuchma to surrender and give up energy to a pro-Russian candidate, the operation used to be a failure: Kuchma didn’t surrender, in spite of an entire chain of scandals and revolutions. He remained President till the top of his constitutional time period. In 2004, on the other hand, Putin used to be now not taking any probabilities all through his 2nd try to grab keep watch over of Ukraine. In September Viktor Yushchenko used to be poisoned.

The poisoning came about within the night of September 5, 2004, all through a dinner on the dacha of secret-service Common Volodymyr Satsyuk,40 the place the previous Top Minister candidate Yushchenko used to be assembly with the SBU management. We will forget about the reason that used to be given to lie to the clicking each via the poisoners themselves and via Yushchenko’s political opponents41 that there used to be no poisoning, simply a response of Yushchenko’s frame to the sushi he had eaten. Yushchenko used to be poisoned with dioxin, a prognosis made via medical doctors on the sanatorium Rudolfinerhaus in Vienna, the place Yushchenko used to be taken on September 10.42


The Austrian medical doctors stated that the poison will have to have entered Yushchenko’s frame 5 days ahead of hospitalization, this is September 5. Yushchenko’s look had modified past reputation and his face used to be disfigured. He hovered between existence and demise. For roughly a month after the poisoning he used to be not able to talk. In the meantime, the elections have been scheduled for October 31. And Yushchenko needed to spend a considerable a part of valuable marketing campaign time in extensive clinical remedy. Given the confusion, Yushchenko’s scores have been plummeting. Additionally, if Yushchenko had died because of poisoning, or had withdrawn his candidacy for well being causes, his pro-Russian rival Yanukovych would have remained the only chief of the Presidential race.

The Legal professional Common duly opened a legal investigation into Yushchenko’s poisoning. SBU Common Satsyuk used to be regarded as the principle suspect. He used to be interrogated a number of instances however used to be now not charged or arrested. Regardless of the interrogations and examinations, the Legal professional Common concluded there used to be no case that Yushchenko used to be poisoned at dinner at Satsyuk’s position and that Satsyuk used to be concerned. The overall due to this fact fled out of the country and it used to be now not instantly recognized that “out of the country” used to be Putin’s Russia. Later, when below President Yushchenko Ukraine asked the extradition of Satsyuk, the Russian executive spoke back that Satsyuk had gained “political asylum” in Russia and may now not be deported.

As Yushchenko didn’t surrender or die, the marketing campaign in opposition to him didn’t prevent. On November 21, 2004, the day of the second one spherical, every other strive used to be made to assassinate him and, on the identical time, Tymoshenko. On that day, town police detained two Russian voters, Muscovites, with 3 pounds of explosives of their automobile within the middle of Kyiv. The detainees have been 35-year-old Mikhail Shugai and 33-year-old Marat Moskvitin. A 2nd automobile with explosives used to be parked close to the election headquarters of Yushchenko on Borychiv Tik Side road, in entrance of the place of abode of the USA Ambassador. The auto contained an explosive tool with a radio-electronic keep watch over. Shugai and Moskvitin confessed that they have been paid to homicide Yushchenko and Tymoshenko. Who precisely used to be in the back of the group of this assassination strive remained unknown, even though circumstantial proof pointed to the highest of the Inner Ministry below Top Minister Yanukovych.

Underneath Yushchenko as the brand new President, the Ukrainian media revealed a recording of a phone dialog between the Head of the Surveillance Division, Oleksiy Prilipko,43 a place previously held via Common Pukach, and Serhiy Klyuyev, the brother of Yanukovych’s marketing campaign supervisor and previous Deputy Top Minister Andriy Klyuyev. Prilipko have been Pukach’s deputy, and it used to be he who had arranged the surveillance that preceded Gongadze’s abduction and homicide in 2000 (which on the time of the second one spherical of Presidential Elections in 2004 had now not but been solved).44


The 2 officers spoke intimately concerning the actual location the place the second one assassination assault came about. The disclosing nature of this dialog may be the most important to our figuring out who used to be in the back of the fatal occasions in Kyiv on February 20, 2014. In 2004, Andriy Klyuyev used to be one among Yanukovych’s power ministers. However his reliable name obviously belied his actual position in Top Minister Yanukovych’s entourage as there would were no reason why for Ukraine’s Head of Surveillance to talk about a covert operation of any nature – and under no circumstances referring to political warring parties – with any person tasked with gasoline coverage. Via February 2014, Klyuyev’s actual significance to Yanukovych changed into public. He used to be then President Yanukovych’s Leader of Workforce and probably the most robust guy in Ukraine after the President, appointed just a few weeks ahead of the occasions that will trade Ukraine’s historical past.



Klyuyev: That’s the place Yulia is, and so forth.

Prilipko: No, Yulia has her personal…


Klyuyev: And the place all of the management, is there, the place they collect? Neatly, nonetheless, there’s the place they collect for probably the most section.

Prilipko: That’s it – on Borychiv Tik, all of the products and services in Yaroslavskaya, multi function sq., because it have been…


Klyuyev: And that position the place the management gathers, the place is that?

Prilipko: They pass to Yaroslavskaya 1/3d, he has 8a… He additionally meets there in a smaller circle, and I feel there’s a 22 there as neatly.

Klyuyev: There’s no such major position as ours.

Prilipko: His administrative center is on 8a.

Klyuyev: How a lot safety is there?

Prilipko: There are a large number of guards there, there’s an American embassy within sight.

Klyuyev: In all 3, sure.

Prilipko: Sure, sure.

Klyuyev: Ok. However we’ve got a variety of brokers there. And the doorway is loose, how’s the doorway? There are an entire lot on the front, proper?!

Prilipko: Sure, sure there’s quilt there.

Klyuyev: Ok, excellent, thanks.

Prilipko: Thanks, good-bye.



There used to be no 3rd assassination strive that day. Alternatively, every other crime did happen. The Central Electoral Fee introduced initial result of the second one spherical of the Presidential Election, in step with which Viktor Yanukovych, the incumbent Top Minister, had received via a three % margin.45 The broadcast result of the second one spherical stunned everybody. Other folks have been reminded of Joseph Stalin’s announcing that it’s not how one votes, however how votes are counted. In Russia Vladimir Putin had adopted this sage recommendation and made certain that electoral counts all the time ended up of their desire.46


The issue with the initial vote casting effects used to be that, in step with go out polls, the election effects have been the complete opposite: Yushchenko had received. As well as, a lot of irregularities have been published. It grew to become out that electorate dependent at the state – scholars, prisoners, and armed forces staff – have been “strongly inspired” to vote for Yanukovych. Citizens have been allowed to vote via so-called absentee ballots, and lots of lively Yanukovych supporters traveled across the nation and had voted a number of instances. Within the jap a part of Ukraine (particularly in Donbas), which voted most commonly for Yanukovych, there used to be additionally a vital building up within the collection of electorate between the primary and the second one spherical – nearly 20 %. At some polling stations, the collection of electorate even miraculously exceeded the collection of formally registered electorate. (Those have been all strategies from the rule of thumb ebook Putin had evolved to fasten his personal folks in elected positions within the years after 2000, as much as and together with assassination.)

It used to be obvious that the federal government used to be deceiving the electorate and have been stealing the victory from Yushchenko. This opinion used to be shared via nearly all of electorate, the opposition, and the world neighborhood. All reliable observers from world organizations (the Ecu Parliament, NATO Parliamentary Meeting, Council of Europe, OSCE, PACE) have been vocal concerning the large-scale fraud dedicated all through the Presidential Elections in Ukraine, and their undemocratic nature and incompatibility with Ecu requirements.

Knowledge on how precisely President Kuchma and Top Minister Yanukovych’s folks falsified the effects started to transpire. The SBU had recorded the phone conversations of the conspirators and it additionally grew to become out that vote casting figures within the areas have been first despatched to Yanukovych’s headquarters, the place the knowledge used to be amended, and simplest from there used to be it despatched to the pc of the Central Electoral Fee (CEC).47 To create further votes pushing up Yanukovych’s proportion, loads of hundreds of fraudulent ballots revealed in Russia have been filed into poll packing containers around the nation. In phone conversations with Russian contributors of the conspiracy, those pretend ballots have been known as “cookies”.

Nevertheless, on November 24, the CEC introduced that, in step with the reliable electoral rely, Yanukovych had received and used to be President. Putin and the KGB had succeeded. 4 years past due, Ukraine used to be now ultimately theirs thru Yanukovych. At any charge, so it used to be within the script that Putin had ready.

The put up The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko seemed first on The Information.

The put up The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko seemed first on Petgais Information.

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Creator: Kyle Stewart

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