Balintataw/Balintataw II/Radyo Balintataw
(figuratively The Thoughts’s Eye; actually Iris)
Balintataw I: / 19 Aug 1967 to Mar 1972 / 8:00-9:00 pm, Saturdays / ABC Channel 5 / Manufacturers: Cecile Guidote-Alvarez, Alberto S. Florentino / Literary Supervisor and Head Author: Alberto S. Florentino / Script Guide: Mauro R. Avena / Government Manufacturer: Olive Montecillo / Head TV Director: Lupita Concio / Performing Director: Nick Lizaso / Pool of Administrators: Lizaso, Lino Brocka, Joey Gosiengfiao, Elwood Perez, Jose Roy Jr / Pool of Writers: Tolentino, Avena, Orlando Nadres, Pierre Salas, Tony Perez, Wilfrido Nolledo, Nestor Torre, Ninotchka Rosca, Wilfredo Sanchez, Alfredo Yuson / Flooring Director: Roger Velilla / Spinner: Romy Rivera / Host: Robert Arevalo
Balintataw II: / 1987–early 2000s / PTV 4 / Manufacturer: Cecile Guidote-Alvarez / Literary Managers: Isagani Cruz, Domingo Landicho / Administrators: Lizaso, Nadres, Jose Gruta, Maryo J. de los Reyes, Lupita A. Kashiwahara, Jose Mari Avellana / Writers: Rolando Tinio, Lualhati Bautista, Lito Casaje, Henry Nabong, Dodi Anzures, Ronaldo Tumbokon, Mars D. Cavestany Jr, Lav Diaz, Suzette Doctolero / Hosts: Arevalo and Guidote-Alvarez
Radyo Balintataw / premiered 2007 / DZRH 666 / 11:30 pm to middle of the night, Mondays-Fridays / 6:00-6:30 pm, Sundays / Manufacturer and Host: Guidote-Alvarez
Conceded via many because the exemplar of Filipino drama on tv, the pre-martial regulation Balintataw used to be a three way partnership of ABC-5, then owned via Marcos Roces, and the Philippine Tutorial Theater Affiliation (PETA), which Cecile Guidote-Alvarez based and headed at the moment. This system dropped at the mass tv target audience the most efficient in Philippine literature, particularly prize-winning brief tales, performs, and excerpts from novels tailored for TV, and authentic teleplays via established and new writers and playwrights. It ran for a complete of 250 weeks.
The identify Balintataw, proposed via Mauro R. Avena and extremely advisable via creator Clodualdo del Mundo Sr, particularly refers back to the thoughts’s eye, a “house inside which the inventive creativeness can freely breathe, transfer, and make bigger.” Lupita Concio and Joey Gosiengfiao, who have been then at the pool of artists of Channel 5, have been concerned with PETA within the making plans and execution of this system. Concio served as this system’s first director and Gosiengfiao the display’s first degree supervisor, a role that might therefore be treated via Jose Roy Jr, Elwood Perez, and Lino Brocka.
Avena wrote the pilot scripts of this system. The primary script he wrote used to be “Ang Mananayaw” (The Dancer), an adaptation of Alberto Florentino’s one-act play The Dancers. The primary script, then again, that went on air when Balintataw premiered on 19 Aug 1967 used to be “Inulang Tipanan” (Rain-drenched Rendezvous), an adaptation of a tale written via Concio, a couple of middle-class younger girl, performed via an uninitiated in drama, socialite Chingbee Kalaw.
The weekly drama program follows a normal structure. The hole billboard that says the identify of the display is embedded with a voice-over of Vic Silayan offering a temporary rationalization of the time period balintataw. Host Arevalo then makes his look to introduce the teleplay. Subsequent is the drama right kind. The host returns on the finish to spherical up the presentation.
Not like its contemporaries, Balintataw used to be no longer star-oriented. It had no appearing mainstay. Actors for each the principle and supporting roles, together with brief appearances, got here principally from theater and picture. For instance, the episode “Inanod ng Biyaya” (Swept via Grace), an adaptation via Avena of Linda Ty Casper’s brief tale “The Useless Neatly,” had degree actor Adul de Leon. “Kabalyerong Tanso” (A Pretend Knight), an adaptation via Wilfrido Sanchez of a Filipino literary piece in English, had degree actors Tommy Abuel and Jimmy Asencio essaying roles with revered film actors Vic Silayan and Barbara Perez. Probably the most program’s notable performers integrated Leopoldo Salcedo, Mary Walter, Tita Muñoz, Dindo Fernando, Tommy Abuel, Liberty Ilagan, Perla Bautista, Alicia Alonso, Anita Linda, Rita Gomez, Fred Montilla, Marie Tuazon, and Eddie del Mar. All over the peak of the display’s reputation, it featured the assorted abilities of a motley staff: world good looks queen Gemma Cruz-Araneta, beauteous socialites Amelia de los angeles Rama, Armida Siguion-Reyna, Elvira Manahan, and Chingbee Kalaw; ballet dancer Tina Santos; opera singers Aurelio Estanislao and Fides Cuyugan-Asensio; degree thespian Jose Avelino III; critics Anthony Morli and Nestor Torre Jr; overseas actors Claude Wilson, Mary Vigard, and Ed Murphy; and would-be fashionable stars Vilma Santos, Tina Revilla, and Tirso Cruz III.
From the primary to the ultimate, the foremost celebrity within the anthology used to be the teleplay. Balintataw had a whole and in moderation thought-out script for every teleplay, which used to be a rarity all the way through the length for each tv and picture, when scripts, if any, have been most commonly improvised at the taping day itself. Mimeographed copies of the script have been allotted to every member of the manufacturing workforce. Previous to the taping consultation, the degree director rehearsed the script with the forged for discussion supply, characterization, and blocking off. Rehearsals have been held on the Concio place of abode in L. a. Vista Subdivision.
Some examples of Filipino literary items tailored for Balintataw have been “Kudyapi” (Lute) written via Brocka in accordance with the quick tale “The Day the Dancers Got here” via Bienvenido N. Santos; “Kabalyerong Tanso” (Pretend Knight) via Wilfrido Sanchez, from the “Rice Wine” via Wilfrido D. Nolledo; “Isang Gabi ng Tagsibol” (A Evening of Spring) via Alberto S. Florentino, from “Would possibly Day Eve” via Nick Joaquin; and “Salambaw” (Fish Internet) via Pierre Salas, from the one-act play The Signal of the Seagulls via Jesus T. Peralta. Different brief tales that have been featured in this system have been Nick Joaquin’s “Summer time Solstice,” “Guardia de Honor” (Mum or dad of Honor), “3 Generations,” and “Difficulties of a Diplomat;” Isabelo Crisostomo’s “Earthen Symbol,” “Mom of the Queen,” and “The Lonely Room;” Claro M. Recto’s “Shadow and Solitude;” Amador Daguio’s “Marriage ceremony Dance” and “The Lady Who Regarded Out of the Window;” Rogelio Sicat’s “Impeng Negro” (Black Impen) and “Moses, Moses;” Jose Garcia Villa’s “Valse Triste” (Unhappy Waltz) and “The Guy Who Regarded Like Rizal;” Kerima Polotan’s “Sounds of Sunday” and “The Virgin;” Gilda Cordero-Fernando’s “A Secret Getting old;” Andres Cristobal Cruz’s “The Quarrel” and “White Wall;” Erwin Castillo’s “Eire” and “The Fairy Kid;” Wilfrido Sanchez’s “Moon Underneath My Toes;” F. Sionil Jose’s “The God Stealer;” Rony Diaz’s “The President of the Tribe;” Ninotchka Rosca’s “Piniling Lipi” (Selected Race) and “Bakas ng Daliri” (Imprint of a Finger); and Joe Quirino’s “Evening Music.” Some of the performs tailored for Balintataw have been Jesus Peralta’s The Somnambulists; Marcelino Agana’s New Yorker in Tondo; Julian Balmaceda’s Dahil sa Anak (On account of the Kid); Wilfrido Nolledo’s Rice Wine and Sekoya; Estrella Alfon’s Tubig (Water), Bigas (Rice), and With Patches of Many Hues; Sister Maria Angela Barrios’s Hellow…Soldier (Hi… Soldier); and Alberto Florentino’s The International is an Apple, Cavort with Angels, and Cadaver. More youthful writers of the length, comparable to Tony Perez and Franklin Osorio, additionally contributed memorable teleplays for Balintataw. Some authentic teleplays have been Elwood Perez’s “Ina sa Lupang Malaya” (Mom in a Unfastened Land) and “Ang Pagdalaw ng Isang Kahapon” (The Consult with of a The day before today), and Pierre Salas’s “Ang Aguinaldo Ko ay Ikaw” (You’re my Present) and “Sought after: A Secretary.”
Balintataw additionally featured overseas literary classics. Some of the performs that it tailored to Filipino lifestyles and to the tv medium have been Paddy Chayefsky’s The Mom, Rod Serling’s Requiem for a Heavyweight, Arthur Miller’s Loss of life of a Salesman and All My Sons, Tennessee Williams’s A Streetcar Named Want and This Assets is Condemned, Anton Chekov’s 3 Sisters, Eugene Ionesco’s The Bald Soprano, and Robert Anderson’s Tea and Sympathy. Balintataw additionally tailored for tv tales and novels of D. H. Lawrence, Ernest Hemingway, Julio Cortazar, Anatole France, W. Somerset Maugham, and O. Henry.
This system explored human and social relationships via a social realist lens that contextualized the struggles and demanding situations confronted via the characters of the drama in concrete political stipulations of the rustic. Characters integrated the prostitute, the opposite girl, a drug pusher, an growing older actress, a Protestant missionary, a modern, a lovelorn landlady, a exertions chief, a senator, a poet, a hero, a swinger, and a socialite.
Balintataw presented many “firsts” in Philippine tv. One used to be the primary kiss on native TV, with actor Nestor Torre kissing at the lips a theater actress from the College of the Philippines within the episode “Good-bye, My Delicate”. Maximum of its episodes concluded with an “unsatisfied finishing,” which used to be unusual all the way through the length when a lot of the drama on TV used to be romantic and idealist. It additionally presented subject matters unexplored via native soaps all the way through the length: the bakla or homosexual in “Duplex;” blatantly political problems in “Idolo ng Madla” (Idol of the Lots); religio-sexual subject matters in “Mambo Lady;” poverty, prostitution, and squatter demolition in “Oli Impan (Holy Toddler);” and social unrest, comparable to the ones due to agrarian struggle in “Lagablab sa Karimlan” (Conflagration within the Twilight) and the bloodbath of farmers in “Sa Bawat Patak ng Dugo (For Each and every Drop of Blood).” Different social problems tackled via this system integrated the Intramuros of the 1800s, postwar Intramuros slums, the grim Ilocos panorama, a logging camp, indigenous peoples such because the Igorot, problems in a fishing village, delicate liaisons, the presence of US army bases within the nation and its penalties, such because the G.I. child, and lots of problems regarding social injustices.
Maximum of Balintataw’s tales have been tragic, the characters finishing up useless, defeated, or dehumanized. It introduced society as a jail from which the characters may just no longer break out. This system, then again, additionally explored different genres like situational comedy, farce, length play, and dance drama.
Balintataw presented inventions in native tv manufacturing: using a complete script in accordance with high quality subject matter; the appointment of a script manager to supervise the standard of the scripts; using a solid of scriptwriters as an alternative of 1 common creator and a pool of degree administrators; and using critical actors from theater and picture as an alternative of box-office stars. Most significantly, the drama anthology revered its target audience as considering and discriminating people.
This system went off the air in Mar 1972. Guidote-Alvarez revived this system at the govt station PTV-4 in 1987 upon her go back to the Philippines from self-exile in the US. The post-EDSA Balintataw maintained its authentic structure. It additionally went into radio in 1987, however reformatted as a cultural mag program geared toward confronting the worldwide demanding situations of poverty and local weather alternate. Radyo Balintataw, hosted via Guidote-Alvarez, is aired day by day on DZRH. It options drama, poetry, song, and storytelling all the way through weekdays, and interviews, stories and commentaries on socio-political problems with focal point on eco-cultural considerations each Sunday.
Balintataw and its administrators, writers, and performers gained 18 Electorate’ Awards for Tv (CAT) from the Electorate Council for Mass Media from 1967 to 1972, together with 5 for best possible drama anthology, plus the CAT Corridor of Popularity Award in 1972. The revived Balintataw won the Gawad CCP Para sa Telebisyon in 1988 and 1991. Radyo Balintataw gained the KBP Golden Dove Award for best possible tradition and humanities program, 2008 and 2014; best possible drama program, 2008; best possible drama collection, 2013 and 2014; and best possible documentary, 2012. It gained best possible drama and best possible leisure program, each in 2014, from the Catholic Mass Media Awards.
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Writer: Kyle Stewart